Source: Knowledge Risk Data
According to the requirements of the Export Control Reform Act passed by Congress in 2018, the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) will be held on Monday, November 19, 2018 local time. Announce the proposed export control regime framework for key technologies and related products, and at the same time, will begin to solicit public opinions on the export control of these basic technologies.
Background: The U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industrial Security (BIS) supervises the export of dual-use and less sensitive military products in accordance with the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), and mainly screens exports that involve national security and high-tech areas. The agency is currently headed by the Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security. BIS mainly supervises specific export commodities through the Commerce Control List (CCL). CCL contains sensitive commodities and sensitive technologies; items on the export list need to be approved by the Ministry of Commerce in advance. All exports of commodities that have an Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) on the CCL and are not exempted are subject to EAR control.
Details: According to US Department of Commerce documents (15 CFR Part 744 [DocketNo. 180712626–8840–01] RIN 0694–AH61 Review of Controls for Certain Emerging Technologies), the representative industry categories currently screened out are as follows (the Department of Commerce will The industry category specifically determines whether there are emerging technologies that are critical to the national security of the United States). Some of the final product and technology categories in the list may be listed as items in the supply chain for China that are prohibited from export by corresponding U.S. entities.
List of representative new technology categories:
1. Biotechnology, such as:
(ii) Synthetic biology;
(iii) Genome and genetic engineering;
2. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning technologies, such as:
(i) Neural network and deep learning (for example, brain simulation, time series prediction, classification);
(ii) Evolution and genetic computing (eg genetic algorithm, genetic programming);
(iii) Reinforcement learning;
(iv) Computer vision (for example, object recognition, image understanding);
(v) Expert systems (such as decision support systems, teaching systems);
(vi) Speech and audio processing (for example, speech recognition and production);
(vii) Natural language processing (such as machine translation);
(viii) Planning (for example, scheduling, games);
(ix) Audio and video processing technology (for example, voice cloning, deep forgery);
(x) AI cloud technology;
(xi) AI chipset.
3. Positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) technology.
4. Microprocessor technology, such as:
(i) System on Chip (SoC);
(ii) Memory stacked on a chip.
5. Advanced computing technology, such as:
(i) Memory-centric logic.
6. Data analysis techniques, such as:
(ii) Automatic analysis algorithm;
(iii) Context-aware computing.
7. Quantum information and sensing technologies, such as
(i) Quantum computing;
(ii) Quantum encryption;
(iii) Quantum sensing.
8. Logistics technology, such as:
(i) Mobile power system;
(ii) Modeling and simulation system;
(iii) Overall visibility of assets;
(iv) Distribution-based logistics system (DBLS).
9. Additive manufacturing (such as 3D printing);
10. Robots, such as:
(i) Micro drones and micro robot systems;
(ii) Swarm technology;
(iii) Self-assembled robots;
(iv) Molecular robots;
(v) Robot programming system;
(vi) Smart dust.
11. Brain-computer interface, such as:
(i) Neural control interface;
(ii) Consciousness-machine interface;
(iii) Direct neural interface;
(iv) Brain-computer interface.
12. Hypersonic aerodynamics, such as:
(i) Flight control algorithm;
(ii) Propulsion technology;
(iii) Thermal protection system;
(iv) Special materials (for structures, sensors, etc.).
13. Advanced materials, such as:
(i) Adaptive camouflage;
(ii) Functional textiles (such as advanced fiber and fabric technology);
(iii) Biological materials.
14. Advanced monitoring technology, such as: face printing and voiceprint technology.